Do you wonder if you can microwave milk without overheating and save its nutrients? Yes, if it is done correctly. But what about baby milk and formula? Read on to discover.
The quickest and easiest way to heat up milk is by using a microwave oven.
Being in the kitchen, it is essential that you bring your diary from the fridge to room temperature while making your favorite recipes.
Properly warming milk activates its enzymes to improve digestion, breaks down lactose, and enhances the taste.
But there is a question if it is safe to microwave milk. The quick answer is yes if done correctly.
Please read this guide carefully whenever you plan to make hot chocolate or coffee, warm up breast milk or baby formula, or plan to boil raw milk.
Can you heat milk in microwave?
The short answer is yes, it is ok to microwave milk if it is done properly.
The microwave is used to warm or heat up milk and improve its temperature by removing its chill.
You probably know about the importance of the room temperature of ingredients. So this kitchen appliance helps bring liquids, including cold milk, to room temperature.
But you shouldn't use the microwave method to boil raw or room temperature-stored milk. The short boiling time is not enough to treat milk in the proper way.
To warm milk in the microwave, pour milk into a microwave-safe container and heat it in 15-second intervals with frequent stirring.
You should always aim for a medium-high microwave setting, not higher than 60% of the power.
Always take care of not burning yourself by using oven mitts and checking the temperature of the milk before drinking it.
Is is safe to microwave milk?
There are many questions that milk lovers ask, but one of the most common is if it is safe to microwave milk.
The answer is yes, but some risks involve while heating up milk. However, if you take care and follow the tips below, everything will turn out fine.
Milk can overflow
The first thing you should do before heating up milk is to ensure enough space in the container. Use a deeper bowl or mug and leave about half an inch on top.
When you turn on the microwave, the water molecules excited by electromagnetic radiation create a vibration. This results in heating the milk.
Once heated, milk expands, and in case of overheating, it overflows, making a mess in the microwave.
Milk can be overheated
So, overheating the milk is another thing to keep in mind. You can easily overlook your drink if you skip the frequent stirring.
Overheated milk curdles and forms clumps and a film of protein on its surface. Once mixed, the drink changes its texture and ruins the recipe if used.
Another sign of overheated milk is scorching at the bottom of the container with its pronounced burnt taste.
Unfortunately, you won't be able to revive such milk; it should be discarded.
Redused nutritional value
The next thing to consider is that microwaving milk reduces its nutritional value only if it is overheated.
Excessive heat irreversibly denatures whey proteins and boosts the interactions between whey proteins and casein at temperatures above 212°F or 100°C.
It also destroys the natural enzyme alkaline phosphatase and causes calcium and phosphate disbalance.
Milk warmed for a few seconds keeps its nutrient value. According to Science Focus Magazine, carbs, fats, proteins, and minerals stay unaffected by microwave heat.
Electromagnetic waves penetrate food quickly, so there is less time for some vitamins (vitamin C, B1, B5, and folate (B9) to break down. Vitamins B12 and B2 contained in milk stay intact.
Milk can burn the mouth
During microwaving, the heat isn't evenly distributed in the milk. The formed hot spots risk burning the mouth, including children.
To avoid it, you should stir milk every 15 seconds while heating. Then always give one more stir after removing it from the microwave and check the drink's temperature before consuming it.
Milk can go bad
The last thing to remember is that you should remove milk from the microwave once it is heated to the desired temperature. Please don't leave it in the appliance since there is a risk of spoiling.
Overall, microwaving milk is a great way to heat it quickly and safely. But you need to keep an eye on it since most problems arise from overheating the milk.
Can you microwave baby milk?
According to U.S. Food and Drug Administration, it is not recommended to heat baby milk, also known as infant formula, or breast milk in the microwave.
Microwaves make the baby's milk heat unevenly. The hot spots or small pockets of heat created by the microwave energy in the milk risk burning the baby’s mouth or throat.
The American Academy of Pediatrics, the U.S FDA, and the CDC state that uneven heating of breast milk or formula can easily scald the baby's mouth/throat.
Without regular stirring of milk, it is hard to control the temperature of the bottled milk in the microwave. So the baby's bottle risks exploding if overheated.
According to the Israeli-French study published in the US National Library of Medicine, "human milk nutritional and immunological values begin to deteriorate" at 104°F or 40°C and higher.
So heating, especially overcooking human milk, destroys milk proteins (SIgA antibodies, lactoferrin protein), acids, and enzymes (lysozyme and digestive enzymes), which are the most susceptible to degradation.
And unfortunately, this process, called "structural isomerism," starts immediately once the microwave is on and occurs very rapidly.
The best way to warm milk for a baby
The easiest and most effective way to heat the refrigerated breast milk or formula is by using water.
You can use warm or hot running tap water, which will take 1-2 minutes to warm milk to room temperature.
If you don't have access to running tap water, then heat the water in a pan and set the bottle off heat until it is warm.
Finally, use a reliable portable bottle warmer where you can set the exact temperature.
Once heated, gently shake the bottle to even the temperature and mix the milk.
Always test a drop of milk on the top of your hand before feeding your baby.
Microwaving different types of milk
Most guides are written about how to warm whole milk (aka cow's milk), but what about other types of milk?
Plant-based or non-dairy milk can be enjoyed cold or served at room temperature without heating.
These types of milk are made from nuts, seeds, or grains, and they tend to be thinner than whole milk.
But let's dive into how to warm up different types of milk and preserve their flavors and nutrients.
Can you microwave oat milk?
Yes, you can microwave oat milk for 10-15-second increments at medium heat.
Frequent stirring is a must to prevent the scorching of the oat milk. Since it is high in starch, it tends to settle down to the bottom of the container.
Try to avoid overheating since it will change the consistency of the milk and result in a thin layer of coagulated proteins on top.
Can you heat soy milk in the microwave?
Soy milk is susceptible to high temperatures, so it has to be warmed gradually. However, extreme and excessive heat can curdle the soy milk into tofu and form coagulated protein clumps.
Start with a low-medium microwave setting, heating it in short bursts and stirring regularly.
Can almond milk be microwaved?
You can microwave the almond milk at a low-medium setting in 15 to 30-second intervals for 2 minutes maximum. The warming process doesn't differ from cow's milk.
Once heated, the almond milk gives a nutty flavor of roasted almonds.
Can you microwave cashew milk?
Cashew milk can be microwaved with the same caution as whole milk. It is more stable with high temperatures than oat milk, for example.
Can you heat coconut milk in the microwave?
Set your microwave to medium mode if you plan to warm the coconut milk.
Stir it before placing it in the microwave, then stir it every 15 seconds until it reaches the desired temperature. Avoid simmering and boiling the coconut milk.
How to warm rice milk in microwave
Since rice milk is lighter than other plant milk, use the low-medium setting of your microwave to heat it.
Respect 15-second intervals with regular stirring. It prevents the formation of protein solids on top of the milk.
So most plant types of milk can be microwaved, but make sure to stop cooking once the milk is hot and steaming. Watch the milk closely to avoid overheating.
Can you warm up milk in the microwave? If done correctly, yes. It is still the most convenient way of warming up the milk, especially if you are a hot chocolate lover.
However, milk is a sensitive dairy product that must be heated carefully.
Don't heat the infant formula or breast milk in the microwave. It is not recommended to risk burning your baby and losing nutrients.
Don't leave the warmed milk in the microwave or at room temperature because of the risk of bacterial contamination.
Do you still think that heating milk in the microwave is the best option? If so, read on how long to microwave milk to keep its nutrients.
The boiling point of milk is 212°F or 100°C at sea level.
It is ok to microwave milk in a microwave-safe container at 15-second intervals, frequently stirring.
When milk overheats in the microwave, it tends to curdle.
Heating milk in microwave for babies isn't safe because of the uneven distribution of the heat, which can burn a baby's mouth.
The best way to simmer milk is on a stove over medium-low heat.